Wednesday, 30 November 2016

Next event!

Next event: Light-Field imaging;
Where and when: Friday 9th December 2016, 1pm-2pm, Andy's office (Room 246b, Physics and Astronomy, Kelvin Building, University of Glasgow);
Presenters (confirmed for now): Laura and Guillem;
Coming soon: details on the articles that will be discussed.

After the JC, everybody back in the big office for a coffee, cakes and a free tour of our office Christmas decorations.

Sunday, 13 November 2016

Friday 11.11.16

Today's event: New approaches to optical design (a.k.a. weird optics);
Where and when: Friday 11th November 2016, 1pm-2pm, Andy's office (Room 246b, Physics and Astronomy, Kelvin Building, University of Glasgow);
Presenters: Ross, Stuart, Chiara;
Number of attendees: 11.

This first event of our journal club was dedicated to strange optical designs. We introduced the topic by discussing DARPA's program called "Extreme optics and imaging". The aim of this program is to develop, by 2020, some innovative optical components which should revolutionize the whole process of optical system design.

The way the problem is introduced is more or less the following:
At the moment we use optical components (like lenses) that follow certain simple physical laws (like the law of refraction) and with these we sometimes end up with very bulky and complicated optical systems (an example of this is the Mesolens we also talked about today). DARPA would like to break this paradigm and design new, specifically engineered, optical components. Light will interact with them in a much less straight forward way than what it does with lenses, gratings, filters and all the components we are now used to, but the idea is that they will simplify the design of multi-component optical systems.

Curiosity: as an example of what kind of thing DARPA has in mind, they always refer, in this presentation, to a sugar cube. At the beginning some of us thought 'sugar cube' was just chosen to give people the idea of a cubic object of more or less that size. Miguel then told me that a sugar cube can be thought of as a lens with very complex transmission matrix, so DARPA probably chose it to indicate not only a commonly known small cubic thing, but also an apparently simple object able to interact with light in a more intriguing way.

After I presented DARPA's program, Stuart introduced the Mesolens, an optical lens system specifically designed to allow 3D imaging of thick specimens  (6 mm wide and 3 mm thick) using confocal microscopy. The Mesolens gives low magnification, high depth resolution and big working distance, with the main drawback of being very big (image taken from [2]):

Ross concluded today's event with an article on flat lenses made of titanium dioxide nano pillars. Along the lines of DARPA's idea to overcome big unpractical optical systems, in this article the authors present a new type of lens, made of small titanium dioxide pillars instead of glass. These lenses can be manufactured to give a high NA, values of NA that normal lenses can achieve only being bulky (and expensive).

And for dessert...

That's all for now,

[1] DARPA's Power Point slides about the programprogram on DARPA's website.
[2] McConnell, Gail, Johanna Trägårdh, Rumelo Amor, John Dempster, Es Reid, and William Bradshaw Amos. "A novel optical microscope for imaging large embryos and tissue volumes with sub-cellular resolution throughout." eLife 5 (2016): e18659.
[3] Khorasaninejad, Mohammadreza, Wei Ting Chen, Robert C. Devlin, Jaewon Oh, Alexander Y. Zhu, and Federico Capasso. "Planar Lenses at Visible Wavelengths." arXiv preprint arXiv:1605.02248 (2016).

Time to start a Journal Club!

New academic year, lots of new people just joined the group: perfect time to start a new Journal Club!...Or re-start? Has there ever been an Imaging Concepts Group journal club before?

Anyway, the idea to (re)start a group journal club had been around for a while, and in October Ross, Stuart and I (Chiara) decided to finally make it happen.

But no journal club comes without a blog! Or at least we say so, and so here I am, creating this blog, where I will keep records of what happens during our journal club events!

It's the first time I create a blog, so I'll probably spend the first weeks changing template and settings to see what I like the most. So far I've failed putting the picture I wanted as a background, and succeeded changing the text font and choosing colors for everything (2-1, come on, not too bad), plus, I'm confident I'll soon be able to upload pictures (very excited about that!).

About the ICG Journal Club:
We'll start by meeting once a month, on Friday at 1pm in Andy's office, and let's see how it goes! The first event took place last Friday (see next post) and next event will be at 1pm on Friday 9th of December, Andy's office (topic and papers to discuss still to be decided).

Ciao for now,
( people normally sign blog posts? well well, I think I like to :)  )